Trees That Look Like Black Walnut

Calocedrus decurrens. Side effects associated with black walnut supplements are uncommon, and it is generally safe to use unless you are pregnant or allergic to nuts. The adult walnut husk fly has one generation per year. The tree has thin leaves that have sharp, tooth-like edges. Butternut is one of North America’s most beautiful timbers. Senior Lecturer at Harper Adams University, Jim Waterson, explains how to identify Walnut. In contrast to the English walnuts that you find in most grocery stores, black walnuts have a stronger flavor and are more difficult to break. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut. Black walnut hulls can be found as a liquid extract and in capsule form. That tree is pretty little. Stained brown, butternut is a dead ringer for black walnut. Black walnut tree myth That when a black walnut trees grow they choke off the vegetation around them such as trees or plants (myth) 21. Stump tables are nature's spectacular natural beauty!!. In young trees and, shoots of more mature trees, the bark is a shiny red-brown at first. Black walnut has a long and well-deserved reputation for its healing qualities. Download premium images you can't get anywhere else. The English walnut is susceptible to fungal diseases, as well as walnut blight which causes small black spots on the leaflets and can lead to dieback of new shoots and damaged fruit. I like the way it doesn’t rot, I like the way it mills, I like the way it dries, I like the way it works, and I like the way it smells like money. If it's black walnut and you can get a twig, you can cut it with a knife and look for the center. The roof rat is dark brown to black in color and measures 13 to 18 inches in length including tail. Just like marriage. It holds your coats and hats in style. Only extraordinary techniques can release the delicious nut meats from their hard prison. Tree-of-heaven (an invader) blossoms are fragrant. Here are some links, 1 of a walnut and 1 of a walnut tree. Mr Sparks is a Black Walnut Enthusiast. People use the nut oil for everything from cooking to furniture polish. A more applicable name would be the coconut flake worm as it looks like a strange type of sugary confection with delicate, snow-white tendrils that move in the lightest breeze. The leaves of all trees vary greatly in the form. I did mention the pith of the walnut. Minute pirate bugs also feed on spider mites. 00 Walnut log. This is what is used to make black walnut ice cream, which has a really rich, distinctive flavor. People who have come across manchineel fruit on the beach and taken a bite describe a swelling, burning sensation in the mouth, throat, and chest, making it difficult to breathe — and sometimes leading to internal bleeding. Papa and Mama have a surprise, though. A more applicable name would be the coconut flake worm as it looks like a strange type of sugary confection with delicate, snow-white tendrils that move in the lightest breeze. Using the identification key key, tree ID photos are on pages 2-4. A hemlock cove is an excellent place to find populations of red squirrel. The Ukrainian Walnut Trees prefer a soil pH that is less acid than most other nut trees that thrive in a pH of 6 to 8. Grab walnuts that are still mostly green to brown. Bad ones smell kind of like paint thinner. Therefore, shavings and sawdust from furniture factories, and sawmills processing black walnut, should not be used for horse bedding unless there is a way to keep the black walnut shavings separate from other shavings. It and the walnut sample were dyed with a Medium Walnut water-soluble aniline dye, then sealed with shellac to warm up the color. They have a diameter of between 0. Black Walnut and Manzanita are the only woods I have used for perches in all this time. Azaleas, native daylilies and astilbe are all perfectly happy, as well. The only other tree that is chambered (not solid) like this is its relative, butternut (Juglans cinerea), and butternut’s pith is buff colored. Over 4 varieties of bare root Walnut trees to choose from! Premium-Sized Bare Root Trees from just $24. The fruits readily drop like hailstones from the tree anytime from late summer into fall. A California black walnut (Juglans californica) and the unusual small-fruited walnut (J. Look out for: the leaflets which have toothed edges. Life is not a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in a pretty and well preserved body, but rather to skid in broadside, thoroughly used up, totally worn out, and proclaiming"WOW What a Ride!!". With its bold look, fascinating history and value, it makes a great choice. Tree growths come in many forms and they don’t always indicate a “tree problem. Within the website are pages dedicated to tree fungi, tree diseases, tree care, tree control and tree evaluation, and your responsibilities as a tree owner. Slight allergic reaction to walnuts. It is a fairly large tree that grows quickly but does not live to old age. That is why you will find fine-textured sawdust at the base of a tree infested by carpenter ants. Walnut is just different. Hopefully the images will help you identify the locust tree type. Potter, Entomologists University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Wood-boring insects are among the most destructive pests of ornamental trees and shrubs. More information about the Eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra). Explore several dangerous types of trees you should avoid planting at all costs, plus get tips to help you make the right tree choice for your yard. From this approximate rule-of-thumb I am pretty sure that black walnuts are full of tannins. The bark is missing in one spot. Butternut trees can be distinguished from Black Walnut by looking at its fruit: Butternut's fruit is more oblong or oval shaped, while Walnut is nearly round; (see illustration below). That means even the best grade of walnut comes with appearance flaws and defects. We in the North Carolina Forest Service are proud of our. Butternuts are highly nutritious and a favorite food of birds, squirrels and other small rodents. An aside— Last week-end my husband and I gathered black walnuts. SMS Terms and Conditions. The tree's nickname, 'American Walnut' is no fluke. SMS Terms and Conditions. Roasted walnut oil to be exact. It is a common "weed tree" in urban areas but can also invade disturbed forest areas. This website is intended for all persons interested in trees and tree care. It might be Black Walnut. When examined on the tree, there is a black, sort of kinky, material inside the leaf. Apparently, this is due to the toxicity in the tree's roots. Nuts of the eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra) and butternuts (Juglans cinerea) are less commonly consumed. In matte black with chrome accents and three adjustable shades, it offers plenty of … style as well as flexible lighting. The leaf scars along twigs look like an upside-down shamrock with five or seven bundle scars. Don't plant bad trees that will end up costing you time and money later. Looks like maybe a limb was there at one time. which actually use walnut. This delicious nut has a bolder, earthier, more complex flavor than English walnuts. Since the disease is rarely serious, no chemical controls are normally needed. This little oddity feeds on walnut, hickory and butternut leaves and is the larvae of a sawfly (Eriocampa juglandis). Walnut lumber is so desirable to work with, and the heartwood has such gorgeous dark tones, that it’s often used as a veneer on furniture and paneling. The bark is hard, rough and scaly, fissured even in young trees. I wouldn't have a black walnut tree on any property I had, even outside of the pasture. Last year I didn't get a single nut. The former stunts the tree's leaves and causes black, tar-like spots on the tree's dying bark. The leaf scars along twigs look like an upside-down shamrock with five or seven bundle scars. The nuts from this tree have a stronger taste than its English Walnut cousin and are more difficult to harvest. That said, for syrup making purposes, the best time to tap black walnut trees for syrup making is in late winter, generally between January and March. These eventually mature into the familiar nut or nut-like fruit. In fact, they can be toxic to nearby plants. When a plant doesn't have enough energy, its leaves turn yellow, and the plant wilts and dies. But these changing colors can also serve as a marker to help identify trees. They overwinter as pupae in the soil and emerge as adults from mid-July until September. The toxic effects of a mature black walnut tree can extend 50 to 80 feet from the. Bear blue-black fruits that look a bit like olives and are said to be edible. You may be surprised how many products you use daily that come from trees! Many people think primarily about lumber and paper products when we think about products from trees. In its natural state, it can totally brighten a room, yet stained maple looks equally gorgeous and can be dressed up to suit any preferred style. Walnut Photos. Like bark, pith allows you to identify walnut trees during the winter months. Scaly leaves that are flat and attached to stems with pine cones or pink flowers come from Cedar trees. None on the trunk or larger branches. It is commonly consumed as a nut. The 2016 Black Walnut Harvest is complete. which actually use walnut. It is simply a compilation of common trees that could be encountered during a hike in the woods. I like the way it doesn’t rot, I like the way it mills, I like the way it dries, I like the way it works, and I like the way it smells like money. Both have small oval leaflets, somewhat similar to walnut. ” You may be tired of hearing that sapwood isn’t considered a defect when it comes to grading lumber. 50 m are listed. I guess I will just have them both taken out (there are two) because whatever they are, they are invasive and terrible. Birch sap is used in the manufacture of wine and beer in the northern Europe, Russia and China. All of the black walnut here in Oregon has a green tint to it when freshly sawn from the log. (Partally self-fertile, plant multiple trees to ensure pollination) (zones 4-9) Alleopathy is the term given to the suppression of growth of one plant species by another due to the release of toxic substances. Maybe: Black walnut has been used for that, but it's never been scientifically tested to see if it actually works. People consume 2. Mississippi is one of only two states (the other being Virginia) where the state flower and the state tree are. Bruce Thompson, author of "Black Walnut For Profit," estimates a mature stand of black walnut trees can bring about $100,000 per acre in timber value alone. These lines are dark brown on black walnut trees but are light tan on other varieties. Black walnuts are also spiny balls, very similar. The good news is oak trees are notably resilient, but they do need a little help to fight infestations. Maybe: Black walnut has been used for that, but it's never been scientifically tested to see if it actually works. The easiest way to find a black walnut tree in the fall is to look for the tree's fruits. Walnut lumber is so desirable to work with, and the heartwood has such gorgeous dark tones, that it’s often used as a veneer on furniture and paneling. Walnuts: Juglans: nigra: Black walnut (Eastern) The eastern US native Black walnut. Walnut-leaf blotch can cause leaves to fall prematurely but doesn't cause lasting damage to the tree. There are plants that will grow near black walnut trees, however when planting black walnut trees in an existing garden keep in mind the concept of succession planting. People barely know what to do with a Carpathian walnut. Unfortunately the black walnut tree gives off something called juglone that is like poison to some vegetables such as tomatoes, potatoes, egg plant and others as well as some others. The fine, straight-grained wood is used for furniture, veneer and gunstocks. SMS Terms and Conditions. The 3rd picture looks like part of the locust is missing all of its bark, cut it up and throw it in the woodburner. Sawflies are related to bees and wasps but don’t. Like its common name, the leaves on this willow resemble peach tree leaves. Tomatoes and apples are said to be especially affected. The common North American trees with pinnate leaves. Black Walnut. Juglans nigra, the eastern American black walnut, is a species of deciduous tree in the walnut family, Juglandaceae, native to North America. Do not be worried about this, it is normal. Walnuts secrete chemicals into the soil which inhibit other plants. If the tree had fruits it may be a Hackberry. Butternut Tree Scientific Name - Juglans cinerea L. Black walnut trees have big, green,ball-shaped fruits that have a hard nut inside them. Trees of Florida: Common Names. At risk are almonds, apples, blueberries, cherries, peaches, grapes and hops, along with oak, walnut and poplar trees. In Provo, I had a black walnut tree in my yard but I wasn't in to dyeing. It looks like you may be having. * Black walnut * Butternut/White walnut * English walnut. Please also see the alphabetical listing by tree family. I would tap my walnut trees only because they have little value being yard trees and as straight as an accordion but Walnut makes my tongue swell up. regia (common or English walnut). That means even the best grade of walnut comes with appearance flaws and defects. Many trees and shrubs are fragrant, or their twigs have a distinct flavor. The Tree Book is an excellent free resource that contains interesting, basic tree information: "For each tree, you will find key identifying features such as bark, fruit or cones, and needles or leaves, along with photographs and descriptions. with his authorship of Common Forest Trees of North Carolina, How to Know Them in 1922. Black Walnut Fiber Arts will be there! The Ozark chinquapin tree, is a relative (possibly ancestor) of the American chestnut. In some places you can buy black walnuts in stores, and you can buy black walnuts online. Contact us by phone. Red gum finished to look like black walnut. Young olive trees are sold in 15" boxes and will cost around $85. Black walnut grows rapidly on deep, rich, alluvial soils. Coat racks and stands also help you add functionality and your taste to your entryway with a quality item of furniture. Juglone is present in the leaves, bark, nut hulls, buds, and the roots of the black walnut tree. We have several and its looks like its going to be a good year for the walnuts. For each Walnut Tree picture you like, just click on the tree image to make the Walnut Tree picture enlarge. past the waterfall on the left hand side is the Black Walnut. The walnut caterpillar is found throughout the eastern U. A mature black walnut can stand up to 75 feet tall and reach a spread of 60 feet. If you plant a walnut you are planting it for your grandchildren, and who cares a damn for his grandchildren?. Shaker cabinetmakers colored it with washes of blue, green, red and yellow. I have one down side to black walnuts if you are also a gardener. Autumn Colors. Isolated trees or trees growing in small groups are especially susceptible to infestation. And now I'm starting to see black walnut shoots under my holly bushes. There are other distinctive characteristics to identify the tree in other seasons and at ages when it is too young to bear fruit. Just a few of the different types of worms in trees include bagworms, Catawba worms, apple tree worms, Christmas tree worms, army worms, and catalpa tree worms. Few people approve of pale sapwood in their walnut lumber, but in the words of Jim, a salesman at one of our faithful walnut suppliers back east, “When people ask me for a 100% heartwood face in walnut, I just tell them they’re dreaming. The practice allows more people to be able to afford the sophisticated look of walnut. These trees bear deep roots and need at least 5 feet of permeable soil for optimal root growth. Black walnut has a long and well-deserved reputation for its healing qualities. Your yard and our native species of plants will thank you! Do you have any of these trees? Did you know about the terrible effects of them?. I only have two trees here in town and this year only the bigger one is producing nuts. Black Walnut (Juglan negia) Native to northern climates, black walnuts are well adapted to the cold. The terminal leaflet is either absent or much smaller than the leaflets near the middle of the leaf. Aggressive treatment is required with black walnut poisoning in dogs. Native geographic location and habitat. Symptoms of walnut toxicity include stunted growth, yellowing and wilting of foliage, and death of susceptible plants. #24160973 - Black and white oak tree with leaves. The black walnut tree is native to the eastern United States. People use the nut oil for everything from cooking to furniture polish. White Walnut Tree. For each Walnut Tree picture you like, just click on the tree image to make the Walnut Tree picture enlarge. Some trees are very densly covered with the thorns. Tree decay fungi - Identification and Significance. residential areas. The Tree Book is an excellent free resource that contains interesting, basic tree information: "For each tree, you will find key identifying features such as bark, fruit or cones, and needles or leaves, along with photographs and descriptions. Azaleas, native daylilies and astilbe are all perfectly happy, as well. Organize Your Outerwear with Antique Hall Trees and Stands. Likes deep, rich, well-drained soil; grows more slowly in drier soils. black walnut. Scaly leaves that are flat and attached to stems with pine cones or pink flowers come from Cedar trees. This topic is broken into a series of articles that focus on the key components of planting and growing walnut trees. I've split a lot of walnut for firewood and it does have a cinnamon-like smell to me- the smell reminds me of some of the tropical hardwoods in the rosewood family. These are rather invasive weed trees that look like sumac. I was saddened to see the tree cut up into 3-4 foot chunks when I got to the last site since it was Balck Walnut. Most trees do not develop the peeling character of Shagbark Hickory, and their mature bark barely shows signs of this trait, having scaly ridges and moderate furrows instead. The wood is weak and brittle, subject to storm damage. The Black Cherry is a relatively small hardwood tree, usually growing from 30 to 60 feet tall, sometimes up to 80 feet. White Walnut Trees grow to a maximum height and spread of 60 feet. Giani Wood Look Paint Kits for Garage Doors include everything you need to upgrade your home's curb appeal, and paint your garage door to look like wood. I like the old rugged look to them because we have an old victorian and it gives the lawn character. But these trees are derelicts—throwing out a wisp of foliage here and there, a truce to death, with each returning spring. Size is not the main difference between black walnuts and domesticated ones. There are other distinctive characteristics to identify the tree in other seasons and at ages when it is too young to bear fruit. Only black walnut and butternut--a close relative--have pith like this. Walnuts secrete chemicals into the soil which inhibit other plants. Oak Leaf Roller and Springtime Defoliation of Live Oak Trees when to spray for worms in live oak trees - Austin Texas - How to kill worms in trees Live In the early spring there are caterpillars that can completely defoliate Live Oaks and other trees. Solon Hotel yes Small Trees and Shrubs 539 Malus 25x25'. a 16'/ 18" to 20" small end log will scale out in the range of 200bf. Thousand cankers disease is a fungal disease of walnuts (Juglans spp. Nut trees for wisconsin farms and homesteads 1. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut. However, olive trees are slow maturing, so it will take many years for a young tree to grow to its full size. There may be several trunks, making it appear bushy. Birch sap is used in the manufacture of wine and beer in the northern Europe, Russia and China. Do not let dogs eat walnut hulls. I removed the husks from the few dozen nuts that I collected and will store them in a dry place until Christmas. Black walnuts are also spiny balls, very similar. Coat racks and stands also help you add functionality and your taste to your entryway with a quality item of furniture. Valued for its lumber and nuts, it is extensively cultivated statewide. Azaleas, native daylilies and astilbe are all perfectly happy, as well. They produce one of the most pleasant shades and their nuts are delicious. We have a black walnut tree growing up out of our deck in front of our house. Some people say that it tastes like dirt, but I say that it tastes like the air smells after a good rain. Walnut is easy to cut, shape and sand, and the wood takes on an amazing look with a clear finish. A walnut tree looks like many other trees except for the fact it grows walnuts. 2 feet girth and 126. (Butternuts are not related to. walnut and hickory. The following photograph shows a Black Walnut tree as it appeared in early August. Disease, pests, and problem resistance. Black walnut hulls can be found as a liquid extract and in capsule form. Butternut, Facts & Info on Butternut Trees The Butternut Tree, also known as White Walnut. It's also known to cause stomach upset and diarrhea, and due to the high tannin content found in black walnut, may cause liver or kidney damage and may result in some types of oral, nasal, or esophageal cancers. The fruit of a black walnut tree is more rounded than that of a white walnut. Despite decades of research, “many of these beautiful trees that were growing among these dead and dying trees are now cankered. Entryway Hall Tree in Black and Walnut Brown Finish Would you like to provide feedback on the Product Information displayed ? It looks like there aren't any. Aggressive treatment is required with black walnut poisoning in dogs. One of television's most popular mini-series ever, the British import TV show, Downton Abbey has mesmerized viewers with it's rich history and also by peering into the lives of the Crawley family that lives in Highclere Castle as well as the servants who work for them. Leaf spot diseases should be taken seriously if they result in moderate to complete leaf loss two to four years in a row. Arbor Day Tree ID Tool: https://www. Helping ID the tree of Black Walnut. The north California walnut, also called Hind's black walnut, is a medium-sized tree with a short, bulky look, since the crown is often wider than the height of the tree. The trees bear in 12-15 years. that was a wonderful article about Walnut trees, it looks like there are a lot of plants that can be grown under them. That means even the best grade of walnut comes with appearance flaws and defects. The English Walnut leaf has five to nine leaflets, always in odd intervals. A sure method is to cut through a twig at an angle and check the pith. They are yellow-green with sunken veins above. In conclusion 22. How do I know if I have an ash tree?. Devil’s Walkingstick. Tree products vary from food to building supplies to toys to instruments to packaging. A mature black locust tree produces numerous branches, and has a dark and deeply furrowed bark. Are Black Holes Made of Dark Energy? What do walnuts smell like? Using aroma to control pests Date: June 8, 2015 five climate and biological moments of the walnut tree. What to Do If Caterpillar Pests Are Eating Oak Tree Leaves. I usually conclude after hearing the latter comment that the culprit is not a miniature beaver, but the Twig Girdler. On the Blue Ridge Parkway, trees enrich our lives throughout the year, but it is only in autumn that their vibrant foliage demands our attention. Tree of Heaven is a fast growing invasive plant species that can overrun native vegetation. There are a number of big trees there in old growth patches. 50 m are listed. By that I mean they do more than a week or two of showing off; they look good in more than a single moment, or season. Choose Willis Orchards for top-quality walnut trees for sale! Grows in zones: 4 - 7. Twig Girdlers are common in Haskell County, and usually present on trees every year. It has a very earthy flavor, but I love that about it. Butternut trees have oval nuts; black walnuts have round nuts. Beneath the tree, you usually find whole walnuts or their husks. Rather, carpenter ants burrow into generally rotting wood to make their tunnel-like nests. Its bark, roots, leaves, nuts, and husks have all been used at different times. Many trees have smooth bark as young saplings, but only a few trees retain smooth bark for their entire lives. Wild trees in the upper Ottawa Valley may be an isolated native population or may have derived from planted trees. , are mostly natives of North America. Notice how the ridges, or furrows, between the fissures are sharp or broadly rounded. Nut Trees for Wisconsin Farms and Homesteads 2. You should definitely check with a foundation expert. The Government of Ontario includes ministries, agencies and Crown corporations. If the scaly leaves are full rather than flat and the stems hold blue or purple berries, they come from a Juniper tree. Thus, a 22-inch DBH black walnut tree with one 8-foot veneer log may bring $510 (170 board feet x $3. When growing in open areas, butternut trees have short trunks, with broad, open, spreading crowns. I like the way it doesn’t rot, I like the way it mills, I like the way it dries, I like the way it works, and I like the way it smells like money. The wood is weak and brittle, subject to storm damage. Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1. The sapwood is usually white in color, and may be as high as 25%, but we have it steamed to make it a light coffee color, allowing for better color uniformity. Ask a Question forum: Walnut Tree. Other arborvitae tree diseases and pests include: Canker; Molds & mildews; Sun scorch. Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Some flies, especially hover flies and bee flies, can be mistaken for bees because their body form, yellow and black color, fuzzy hairs, buzzing sounds and behaviors mimic bees. But black walnut trees are not always good companions in the garden and yard. Both have small oval leaflets, somewhat similar to walnut. Using the identification key key, tree ID photos are on pages 2-4. Choose Willis Orchards for top-quality walnut trees for sale! Grows in zones: 4 - 7. 1 of 2 8' long and 45" to 56" wide (48" in the middle) 2 of 2 Nail stain Just the the edge of an English walnut graft Some of the nails were 5" long, ring shanked, and hardened. It looks like a walnut to me, but when I looked up a picture of a Black Walnut, the green pods were smooth. Each defect reduces the value of the tree. Juglone is present in the leaves, bark, nut hulls, buds, and the roots of the black walnut tree. Black walnut has a long and well-deserved reputation for its healing qualities. The description of "big, black ant" nearly always refers to carpenter ants, even though other species of ants are nearly as large and nearly as black. I'd use African mahogany ( khaya ) for things like thwarts and transoms and centerboard case trim. Lastly, this is by no means a complete guide to native trees in Illinois. Often their roots protrude from the ground. Consider planting a crab apple tree. There is significantly more sap produced during this time of year than any other. And of course there is great satisfaction knowing that you build a cat tree for your cat yourself!. Butternut Tree Scientific Name - Juglans cinerea L. Native geographic location and habitat. Collect walnuts after they fall to the ground. Of course this is one of the best ways you can obtain cat trees for less and even no money at all. Walnut Photos. Thanks for all the seed planting ideas. We have several black walnut trees in our yard. Its bark, roots, leaves, nuts, and husks have all been used at different times. It's always good to know of another "tree of heaven" look-alike. So just before a big storm that, in the end, petered out, I visited a friend's walnut trees, then a chestnut tree, and laden down with bits of tree, went home to experiment. The former stunts the tree's leaves and causes black, tar-like spots on the tree's dying bark. They can pack themselves in like sardines before we even know it. Judging from the information here, it looks like they likely are. Black walnut trees (Juglans nigra L. Slight allergic reaction to walnuts. By Karen P. Typical Black Walnut bark, on a mature tree. Here in Illinois, red oaks, black walnut, and black cherry will have faster growth rates than white oaks. Today, a person would have to spot them among 125 acres of beech, maple, red pine, oak, ironwood, black walnut and locust trees. But these trees are derelicts—throwing out a wisp of foliage here and there, a truce to death, with each returning spring. Black walnut trees (Juglans nigra L. The two trees can often be found growing together in rich flood plains as well as on the thinner soil of the hillsides. (And yes, there is no consensus on how to spell crabapple. Normally, when I see a tree’s roots damage a foundation, it is lifting the foundation, not causing it to sink. Black cherry blossoms are very fragrant. Hammon's label lists the smoke point as 350°F (177°C). Walnut leaves have a substance in them that may harm tomato plants. Good, viable nuts will sink to the bottom. Mine look different from yours. You must keep a wide separation between the black walnut tree and susceptible plants. These eventually mature into the familiar nut or nut-like fruit. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Practicality and aesthetics combine in the black walnut to make this species one of the most treasured trees in American history. At my farmer's market, I'd expect that the selling price of black walnuts in the shell would be approximately zero. Nichols, N. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: