Python Get Local Timezone

Note: a generator will provide performance benefits only if we do not intend to use that set of generated values more than once. For Python training, our top recommendation is DataCamp. So, there are some things to google for "Web Service", "XML-RPC", etc. If the system supports it then time. Because it is based on Python, it also has much to offer for experienced programmers and researchers. The example Python service here shows how to parse command-line arguments and do simple logging to a file. timezone -- difference in seconds between UTC and local standard time altzone -- difference in seconds between UTC and local DST time daylight -- whether local time should reflect DST tzname -- tuple of (standard time zone name, DST time zone name) I learned something: there is an altzone variable. How To Convert Timestamp To Date and Time in Python There are multiple ways how you can convert timestamp to human readable form in Python. The Explosive has a go_boom python method. Set at least one other breakpoint on another statement. But first, it’s worth asking the question you may be thinking: “How does Python fit into the command line and why would I ever want to interact with Python using the command line when I. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Install pytz module sudo easy_install --upgrade pytz. MySQLdb is a Python DB API-2. There is still some ongoing work to get the buildbots ready and the mailing lists ready, but we are optimistic that the work will be done in time. This compiler package is entirely unsupported and represents a snapshot of the last version that is fully compatible with Python 2. In this tutorial, we’re going to dig into how to transform data using Python scripts and the command line. In this quickstart, you create a storage account and a container in object (Blob) storage. Using PHP 5. This tutorial will guide you through installing Python 3 on your local Windows 10 machine and setting up a programming environment via the command line. now(), rospy. The main idea is that with a single line of code we can get all the URLs in one go. Suppose you want to know how much time is left, in years/months/days/etc, before the next easter happening on a year with a Friday 13th in August, and you want to get today’s date out of the “date” unix system command. You're processing a large number of I/O events. As time is a continuous variable, specifying the entire posterior distribution is intractable, and we turn to methods to approximate a distribution, such as Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). com covers most of the content of the book. Along with the third-party dateutil module, you can use it to quickly perform a host of useful functionalities on dates and times. Python is one of a handful of modern programming languages gaining a lot of traction in the development community. PyGObject is a Python package which provides bindings for GObject based libraries such as GTK, GStreamer, WebKitGTK, GLib, GIO and many more. Module time is providing various time related functions. Then you could add the line *config. py , that takes an integer n and a filename as command line arguments and splits the file into multiple small files with each having n lines. A date in Python is not a data type of its own, but we can import a module named datetime to work with dates as date objects. Although the value is always a float, actual precision is platform-dependent. Manytimes we have date values in different time zones and we need to convert it to our local timezone. Typically, would would want to do something like this:. Use the following code to get the current time. import pytz pytz. getMonth(), because the getMonth() method returns the month (from 0 to 11), January is 0, February is 1, and so on. Any attempt to access the X. The latest Tweets from Python Software Foundation (@ThePSF). 5+, PyPy and PyPy3. Python datetime class can be used to get and manipulate date and time. In the case of the "range" function, using it as an iterable is the dominant use-case, and this is reflected in Python 3. source Profiles. 7+, Python 3. I’ve checked. hour print 'minute:' , t. I currently use the following to get a local datetime from a UTC datetime: SET @offset = DateDiff(minute, GetUTCDate(), GetDate()) SET @localDateTime = DateAdd(minute, @offset, @utcDateTime) My problem is that if daylight savings time occurs between GetUTCDate() and @utcDateTime, the @localDateTime ends up being an hour off. We will begin by introducing and discussing the concepts of autocorrelation, stationarity, and seasonality, and proceed to apply one of the most commonly used method for time-series forecasting, known as ARIMA. You can also get the specific attribute of date and time. The datetime module supplies classes for manipulating dates and times in both simple and complex ways. This example illustrates use of pandas to display current date and time. Easily warehouse, analyze, visualize and share data from across your business. 5+, PyPy and PyPy3. time is used. In this tutorial, you’ll not only cover the pros and cons of absolute and relative imports but also learn about the best practices for writing import statements. The current free version is PIL 1. Jython is freely available for both commercial and non-commercial use and is distributed with source code under the PSF License v2. Among other things, this makes it possible to get the name of the current function or callers. This FAQ applies to: Any version. Debugging in Python. py file or run. 5, the success callback function is also passed a "jqXHR" object (in jQuery 1. Also, you will learn to convert datetime to string and vice-versa. The blog post Numba: High-Performance Python with CUDA Acceleration is a great resource to get you started. xlsx Files Another package that you can use to read spreadsheet data in Python is pyexcel ; It’s a Python Wrapper that provides one API for reading, manipulating and writing data in. I will continue to monitor the file for new updates and periodically send out new batches of invites. I want to get current time in Python, what are the method/module to do so. The objective of this project was to use the sleep data to create a model that specifies the posterior probability of sleep as a function of time. If the question involves process or tool usage then please check. The latest Tweets from Python Software Foundation (@ThePSF). Use a decorator to time your functions. I will continue to monitor the file for new updates and periodically send out new batches of invites. This is in string format but if you want to do some pre computation on it using python then you need to convert this string into a datetime object. Python gives the developer several tools for working with dates and time. After that it is self explanatory except for the. What is Jython? Jython is a Java implementation of Python that combines expressive power with clarity. For example we are setting America/Los_Angeles as our local system timezone. The mission of the Python Software Foundation is to promote, protect, and advance the Python programming language, and to support and facilitate the growth of a diverse and international community of Python programmers. News about the dynamic, interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, extensible programming language Python. Returned times eg the time parameter on the currently DataPoint are always in UTC time even if making a request with a timezone. Today, we’re going to combine everything we’ve learned so far to build a dynamic website with Python. 3v pin to one of the programmable GPIO pins. One way to get the current time in this representation is to use localtime from the time module in the Python standard library: >>> from time import localtime >>> localtime() (2007, 3, 3, 22, 13, 27, 5, 62, 0) The Egenix mxDateTime Class. Click OK back down the chain of windows, and you’re almost ready to control your Arduino with Python! The Magic Grease. Now available for Python 3! Buy the. current variable, we should use the best practice of putting it in a function and then calling the function to get the value so that we don’t mix up our instances. If you run a Python script in this way then you don’t get to see any output on the terminal so you need to do proper logging (rather than just print statements). The Python runtime on the JVM. Python Dates. With that in mind, this article presents a “top 10” list of somewhat. Unfortunately, most discussions of pdb are not very useful to a Python newbie — most are very terse and simply rehash the description of pdb in the Python library reference manual. These relationships are stored in dictionaries in Python, and these dictionaries are accessible to the user: You can use the function call locals() to return a dictionary containing all the current local variables names as. The known versions of Python that the issue affects and should be fixed for. The current free version is PIL 1. The Python packages highlighted at pythonwheels. timezone¶ The offset of the local (non-DST) timezone, in seconds west of UTC (negative in most of Western Europe, positive in the US, zero in the UK). MAMP provides them with all the tools they need to run WordPress on their desktop PC for testing or development purposes, for example. MAMP is a free, local server environment that can be installed under macOS and Windows with just a few clicks. PyGObject is a Python package which provides bindings for GObject based libraries such as GTK, GStreamer, WebKitGTK, GLib, GIO and many more. Also, you will learn to convert datetime to string and vice-versa. Besides a few Unity and TensorFlow projects, this project has more moving parts than just about anything else I've done up to this point. py , that takes an integer n and a filename as command line arguments and splits the file into multiple small files with each having n lines. Note: This is not necessarily the very best means for getting the current date/time. $ sudo apt-get install python-mysqldb Here we install the Python interface to the MySQL database; both _mysql and mysql modules. The easiest way to install the “teradata” python module is using pip. Click OK back down the chain of windows, and you’re almost ready to control your Arduino with Python! The Magic Grease. In today's round up, we stumble upon a snaky discovery, reveal English Heritage's new plans for York's Clifford's Tower and learn a lesson from a medieval town that fell into the sea. The most common set of data is the price volume data. 6, and all the goodies you normally find in a Python installation, PythonAnywhere is also preconfigured with loads of useful libraries, like NumPy, SciPy, Mechanize, BeautifulSoup, pycrypto, and many others. -Python is OOP it's means Division or split of concepts so we can split our project ,our work in way be organize and simple for read by another persons. p and you should get values written to your screen in a long list. print bearing print bear255 time. 3, you can call the astimezone() method with no arguments to convert an aware datetime instance to your local timezone:. Mod_python is an Apache module that embeds the Python interpreter within the server. MySQL database connector for Python programming. I’ve checked. Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. 360 Degree Feedback Human Resource Management Employee Engagement Applicant Tracking Time Clock Workforce Management Recruiting Performance Appraisal Training. Open Source Automation Automating everyday tasks with open source code. You can use Get-Date to generate a date or time character string, and then send the string to other cmdlets or programs. import pytz pytz. People have asked, “Is there an official curriculum we can use?”, “Are there online resources?”, “Are there efforts happening to improve Python on mobile?”, and so on. Watch Now This tutorial has a related video course created by the Real Python team. Debugging in Python. Using module time. Get Started with Python Time Module. There's no support for parsing strings in various formats and returning a corresponding instance of one of the types. Today the Windows team announced the May 2019 Update for Windows 10. Power on your RPi - the led should immediately turn on. execl(python,python, * sys. The objective of this project was to use the sleep data to create a model that specifies the posterior probability of sleep as a function of time. One way to get the current time in this representation is to use localtime from the time module in the Python standard library: >>> from time import localtime >>> localtime() (2007, 3, 3, 22, 13, 27, 5, 62, 0) The Egenix mxDateTime Class. Configure a system interpreter. Compatibitility with Other Connection Interfaces passwd , db and connect_timeout are valid for compatibility with other MySQL interfaces and are respectively the same as password , database and connection_timeout. Python's datetime module, as you probably guessed, contains methods that can be used to work with date and time values. googlemaps – Google Maps and Local Search APIs in Python¶ class GoogleMaps¶. To use this module, we first import it via the import statement as follows: import datetime We can represent time values using the time class. org and get 2. It also solves the issue of ambiguous times at the end of daylight saving time. How can i get the TimeZone by using the current IP address? Rate this: Saving and reporting datetime & timezone info in database when data is dependant on datetime. https://community. PS: We can Trigger Python script on Opening of Dashboard using JScript too. Resources are available for professionals, educators, and students. Specifically, the python Queue object can be easily used to solve the multi-producer, multi-consumer problem, where messages must be exchanged safely between multiple threads. Many Python programmers report substantial productivity gains and feel. This string contain date and time. Converting between date formats is a common chore for computers. The term for this action is a function call or function invocation. time() -- return current time in seconds since the Epoch as a float. 1:5000 in your web browser and check it. Huge python dumped at a Tesco store in Lancashire Shoppers at Tesco in Burnley, East Lancashire, had the shock of a. 7+, Python 3. The following are 3 code examples for showing how to use gevent. exe instead python. The following example displays the current local date and time by using the now() function of the datetime. A local cut is a cut that is only valid at the current node and the subtree rooted by the current node. Then, we used now() method to get a datetime object containing current date and time. The Time Zone Database (often called tz or zoneinfo) contains code and data that represent the history of local time for many representative locations around the globe. Linting highlights syntactical and stylistic problems in your Python source code, which oftentimes helps you identify and correct subtle programming errors or unconventional coding practices that can lead to errors. To get data for a window of time, use data. Unfortunately for a 13-foot (4-meter) Burmese python in Florida's Everglades National Park, eating the enemy seems to have caused the voracious reptile to bust a gut—literally. What kind of accuracy could I expect to get in this regard from Python? From what I've read so far, it doesn't look like I can hope to get precise enough timing to get reliable results, but I'm having difficulty. -or- Submit a batch job with Executable and Arguments as follows: - Executable = /usr/local/bin/python3 - Arguments = script. 360 Degree Feedback Human Resource Management Employee Engagement Applicant Tracking Time Clock Workforce Management Recruiting Performance Appraisal Training. As of jQuery 1. com, updated hourly. https://community. now(tz=None) returns the current local date and time. In this post, we build an optimal ARIMA model from scratch and extend it to Seasonal ARIMA (SARIMA) and SARIMAX models. In this Python 3 course, follow Kathryn Hodge as she walks through the Python standard library. Each module is a different file, which can be edited separately. Get to know this Miami neighborhood by browsing its most popular local businesses, from an ice cream shop to a Cuban eatery. Python's datetime module, as you probably guessed, contains methods that can be used to work with date and time values. So I decide to write a blog to share my…. To change timezone on CentOS/RHEL 6/5 we can simply link /etc/localtime file with correct timezone configuration file. It's quick & easy. Python Dates. For help with Python code, see comp. I'm working with python and sqlite3 and i ask how to create a table with a date field wih defaults current date. It does not need to be globally valid. Example 1: Python timestamp to datetime. Click on a list name to get more information about the list, or to subscribe, unsubscribe, and change the preferences on your subscription. Like Java, once written, programs can be run on any operating. Loops and Sequences¶ Modern computers can do millions or even billions of instructions a second. To configure a system Python interpreter, follow these steps: Ensure that you have downloaded and installed Python on your computer. Returned times eg the time parameter on the currently DataPoint are always in UTC time even if making a request with a timezone. PyGObject, including this documentation, is licensed under the LGPLv2. Just like in the viewport, when you move an object pressing "g" and then pressing the x-axis key (or y / z) twice. time is used. When I get that I’m also able to build the Python libs for 2. With the python module inspect, one can inspect (not kidding) the run-time python stack. time(datetime. A date in Python is not a data type of its own, but we can import a module named datetime to work with dates as date objects. New in version 2. A simple autoregression model of this structure can be used to predict the forecast error, which in turn can be. For this conversion you may either use module datetime or time. localtime() converts the seconds since epoch to a struct_time in local timezone. Open Source Automation Automating everyday tasks with open source code. The latest Tweets from TIME (@TIME). Next steps You've created a Python functions project with an HTTP triggered function, run it on your local machine, and deployed it to Azure. time() -- return current time in seconds since the Epoch as a float. When the worker receives the task request, it can retrieve the sender's list of followers and update the DB for each one. How do I get the system time in BASH? How can I get the Linux system using bash shell? You can use the date command to display and/or set the Linux or UNIX-like system date and time. See the “Install Python” page for the most recent instructions. The current line in the debugger will be the line of code on which the exception occurred. Hope this helps. If you don’t have pip installed, you can download the package from PyPI, unzip the folder, then double click the setup. These relationships are stored in dictionaries in Python, and these dictionaries are accessible to the user: You can use the function call locals() to return a dictionary containing all the current local variables names as. com have already been updated by their developers to include pre-built binaries, but many are still only available as source code. It has access to realtime data of various stock exchanges around the world like NASDAQ, NSE of India etc. Python in Visual Studio Code. Linting highlights syntactical and stylistic problems in your Python source code, which oftentimes helps you identify and correct subtle programming errors or unconventional coding practices that can lead to errors. time is used. This illustrates a couple more ideas: First a library module, time, is imported and used to generate the string for the current date and time. Description. Re: python time with milliseconds if someone can tell me whether this is correct, or if there is a better way it would be greatly appreciated Last edited by zero-9376; August 29th, 2007 at 11:12 AM. It doesn't matter if you prefer Apache or Nginx or if you want to work with PHP, Python, Perl or Ruby. Or login using a Red Hat Bugzilla account Forgot Password. Python Scrapy tutorial for beginners – 03 – How to go to the next page 12 September, 2019 29 September, 2019 next page , Python , Scrapy , tutorial , Web scraping On our last lesson, extracting all the data with Scrapy, we managed to get all the books URL and then extracted the data from each one. To view near real-time logs for a published Python app, use the Application Insights Live Metrics Stream. This gets tricky around December 31st at midnight. Here are commonly used time-related functions. This string contain date and time. localtime(). Inside Practical Python and OpenCV + Case Studies you'll learn the basics of computer vision and OpenCV, working your way up to more advanced topics such as face detection, object tracking in video, and handwriting recognition, all with lots of examples, code, and detailed walkthroughs. 4, it was passed the XMLHttpRequest object). now() Python provides a module datetime which has a class datetime. People have asked, “Is there an official curriculum we can use?”, “Are there online resources?”, “Are there efforts happening to improve Python on mobile?”, and so on. py; Have your script executed by Anaconda Python 3. Update: These instructions are over a year old, though they may still work for you. Get complete instructions for manipulating, processing, cleaning, and crunching datasets in Python. Working with Python in Visual Studio Code, using the Microsoft Python extension, is simple, fun, and productive. spam function on the module level will fail. Therefore, I had to divide the output by 100 to get the execution time for only one cycle. VPython makes it easy to create navigable 3D displays and animations, even for those with limited programming experience. Hello there, I’m Hynek!. tm_gmtoff is the way to get the current utc offset for the local time zone. A simple autoregression model of this structure can be used to predict the forecast error, which in turn can be. All of the state, like the values of local variables, is recovered and the generator contiues to execute until the next call to yield. py , that takes an integer n and a filename as command line arguments and splits the file into multiple small files with each having n lines. tzname¶ A tuple of two strings: the first is the name of the local non-DST timezone, the second is the name of the local DST timezone. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. Getting the current time. However, since JSONP and cross-domain GET requests do not use XHR , in those cases the jqXHR and textStatus parameters passed to the success callback are undefined. Because it is based on Python, it also has much to offer for experienced programmers and researchers. Adds a linear constraint to the current subproblem. It was created by Guido von Rossum in 1990, named after - you guessed it - the comedy, "Monty Python's Flying Circus". It's quick & easy. This is an example of an iterator, which yields values one at a time as they are needed, rather than all at once. For a starter, you need to check the default time zone on your server. source Profiles. The code itself is quite simple, the only part you need to know is how to get the current time, using time. In this article, you will learn to manipulate date and time in Python with the help of 10+ examples. You can find all the timezones by submitting this command. For details see the time module description of the Python standard library. A Python program can handle date and time in several ways. We provide job resources for Python positions throughout the industry in Utah. Next steps You've created a Python functions project with an HTTP triggered function, run it on your local machine, and deployed it to Azure. com/database-tools/powershell/ask_the_experts/f/learn_powershell_from_don_jones-24 Moderated by PowerShell MVP Thomas Lee and PowerShell. The current free version is PIL 1. Using the Connector/Python Python or C Extension. The format specification is a null-terminated string and may contain special character sequences called conversion specifications, each of which is introduced by a '%' character and terminated by some other character known as a. 360 Degree Feedback Human Resource Management Employee Engagement Applicant Tracking Time Clock Workforce Management Recruiting Performance Appraisal Training. If you run a Python script in this way then you don’t get to see any output on the terminal so you need to do proper logging (rather than just print statements). All of the state, like the values of local variables, is recovered and the generator contiues to execute until the next call to yield. Learn the latest Big Data Technology - Spark! And learn to use it with one of the most popular programming languages, Python! One of the most valuable technology skills is the ability to analyze huge data sets, and this course is specifically designed to bring you up to speed on one of the best technologies for this task, Apache Spark!. This app also forced me to think about design at several levels to limit complexity. Periscope Data brings all your data together in a single platform and delivers SQL, Python, and R in one solution. Now that we’ve converted and explored our data, let’s move on to time series forecasting with ARIMA. People have asked, “Is there an official curriculum we can use?”, “Are there online resources?”, “Are there efforts happening to improve Python on mobile?”, and so on. While it leverages a Python C extension for low level cryptography (Cryptography), Paramiko itself is a pure Python interface around SSH networking concepts. Once you specify your Python installation, you’re ready to begin running Python scripts in Power BI Desktop. datetime — Basic date and time types¶. Date and datetime are an object in Python, so when you manipulate them, you are actually manipulating objects and not string or timestamps. Book Description. So, how do you get started creating websites with Python? Well, you could do it all yourself, and write a program. bulkdownload("ZEA") This call will download an entire time-series dataset as a ZIP file. Python How to get Current Local Time and UTC Time #Get Current Local Time import time print "ctime: ", time. https://community. A Python program can handle date and time in several ways. This library supports many file formats, and provides powerful image processing and graphics capabilities. Python tutorials for programmers. They are extracted from open source Python projects. One of them is time which return number of seconds since the epoch. now(), rospy. For Python training, our top recommendation is DataCamp. Everywhere Python is!. py The time is: 1205079300. If the argument secs is not provided or None, the current time as returned by time. With the techniques discussed so far, it would be hard to get a program that would run by itself for more than a fraction of a second. Watch it together with the written tutorial to deepen your understanding: Working With Python Virtual Environments In this article, we’ll show you how to use virtual environments to create and manage separate. Both environments have the same code-centric developer workflow, scale quickly and efficiently to handle increasing demand, and enable you to use Google’s proven serving technology to build your web, mobile and IoT applications quickly and with minimal operational overhead. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. 9 as the version and drop Python 3. time(datetime. Python Dates. I have the files which contain all the information like query,user id and time in a text file. DST is even a harder problem. It does not need to be globally valid. Using the Connector/Python Python or C Extension. 3 added a number of simple date and time types in the datetime module. NET and UNIX formats. The dateutil module provides powerful extensions to the standard datetime module, available in Python 2. The Time Zone Database (often called tz or zoneinfo) contains code and data that represent the history of local time for many representative locations around the globe. This can be configured at runtime using the use_pure connection argument. The current example will increment view counter in Redis. If called without arguments (or with tz=None) the system local timezone is assumed for the target timezone. To get the value of our self. If you are looking for examples that work under Python 3, please refer to the PyMOTW-3 section of the site. For a very noisy signal with maybe a thousand or a few thousand samples per period a window of about 20 should be enough, but I set it quite high to get a good margin and it doesn't effect the final result anyway, as long as it can find the zero-crossings properly. For Python 3. This tutorial will guide you through installing Python 3 on your local Windows 10 machine and setting up a programming environment via the command line. Datacamp has beginner to advanced Python training that programmers of all levels benefit from. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Get local time python keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website. timezone¶ The offset of the local (non-DST) timezone, in seconds west of UTC (negative in most of Western Europe, positive in the US, zero in the UK). Welcome to Paramiko!¶ Paramiko is a Python (2. py file with following content, which will help you to understand to fetch specific attribute. If you already have a development environment set up, see Python and GCP to get an overview of how to run Python apps on GCP. Before going through this article, I highly recommend reading A Complete Tutorial on Time Series Modeling in R and taking the free Time Series Forecasting course. People have asked, “Is there an official curriculum we can use?”, “Are there online resources?”, “Are there efforts happening to improve Python on mobile?”, and so on. What to Watch on IFC in October. What is the name of a specific time zone? The. The web page is generated like in helloWeb2. Using Classes in Python Example. # # Hello World client in Python # Connects REQ socket to # Do 10 requests, waiting each time for a response for request in range (10): print ("Sending. PyVISA: Control your instruments with Python¶ PyVISA is a Python package that enables you to control all kinds of measurement devices independently of the interface (e. Now, if Y imports X (a recursive import), it’ll get back a reference to an empty X module object. org/library/time. Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. The main idea is that with a single line of code we can get all the URLs in one go. Note: The lazy constraint callback may be invoked during MIP start processing. You can’t perform that action at this time. See note below. LocalTime & java. The main idea is that with a single line of code we can get all the URLs in one go. Today the Windows team announced the May 2019 Update for Windows 10. Multiprocessing and multithreading in Python 3 To begin with, let us clear up some terminlogy: Concurrency is when two or more tasks can start, run, and complete in overlapping time periods. Global and Local Variables Python Tutorial Welcome to another python 3 basics tutorial, in this tutorial we're going to now discuss the concept of global and local variables. in the next step in a for loop, for example),Rthe generator resumes execution from where it called yield, not from the beginning of the function. In this application I am getting this 2 pieces of information: atime - long representing the time stamp atime_nano - long representing the nanoseconds. MAMP provides them with all the tools they need to run WordPress on their desktop PC for testing or development purposes, for example. Now that we’ve converted and explored our data, let’s move on to time series forecasting with ARIMA. Python virtual environments have become an essential part of development and teaching workflow in the community, but at the same time, they create a barrier to entry for many. Typically, would would want to do something like this:. Therefore, in this post I’ll comment on 7 different Python tools that give you some insight about the execution time of your functions and the Memory and CPU usage. Thus if an issue for a new feature is assigned for e. We will begin by introducing and discussing the concepts of autocorrelation, stationarity, and seasonality, and proceed to apply one of the most commonly used method for time-series forecasting, known as ARIMA. As of jQuery 1. The functions gettimeofday() and settimeofday() can get and set the time as well as a timezone. 8, unless otherwise noted. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: