Openssl Decrypt Zip File

The PKZIP algorithm is known to be insecure. How To Encrypt And Decrypt Files Using Private Public Keys With OpenSSL On Ubuntu Linux. wikipedia says about openSSL OpenSSL is an open source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. The answer you got is exactly why i love this site, people that go above and beyond to try and enable the reader to do what they wanted, and more. ext Other Tools to encrypt files I think that the best way to encrypt files in Linux is GnuPG, but if you don't like it or maybe don't like any of the previous alternatives, you should see the following two tools:. PKCS12 files are a standard way of storing multiple keys and certificates in a single file. The above command prompts for a password and encrypts your file using the IDEA algorithm, which is the only algorithm available in this version of PGP. txt and the signature. NET project types including ASP. If you lose either key, you will be unable to send encrypted messages nor decrypt any received message. TXT and DECRYPT_INSTRUCTION. I solved almost all other CTF challenges except this one and it has been bugging me since. If you want to decrypt a file encrypted with this setup, use the following command with your privte key (beloning to the pubkey the random key was crypted to) to decrypt the random key: openssl rsautl -decrypt -inkey privatekey. The two articles in this series cover—collectively—cryptographic hashes, digital signatures, encryption and decryption, and digital certificates. OpenSSL is commonly used to create the CSR and private key for many different platforms, including Apache. Easy to use, easy to install, actively maintained and actively supported, phpseclib is the best way to utilize SSH, SFTP, RSA and X. Use openssl_encrypt() function first to generate cipher data before using this to decrypt. The initialization vector (IV) is an important part of block encryption algorithms that work in chained modes like CBC. OpenSSL "rsautl -decrypt" - Decryption with RSA Private Key How to decrypt a file with the RSA private key using OpenSSL "rsautl" command? I received a file that is encrypted with my RSA public key. Decrypting a File with OpenSSL: To decrypt the above file, use the following command:. The principle is the same: You sign a file using your private certificate, to ensure that the file cannot be modified. Nothing but a password is capable of breaking open this file. 1) Yes, it is possible to decrypt a 10GB file into memory (see more below). XML Encryption implements many forms of encryption including hybrid encryption. Generally, applications need not be changed, but there are several new SSL features in V8. HowTo: Decrypt a File $ openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -d -in file. pem -out in. It handles the complexity and heavy lifting of the most well vetted cryptographic services, key interfaces, key stores and key types accessible on each operating platform. zip testfile. It encrypts all files on the hard drive, sector-by-sector, for maximum security. Apparently, it's not good enough to first create a ZIP file and then encrypt it independently using a tool designed specifically for encryption, such as GPG or OpenSSL; some proprietary vendors decided they wanted strong encryption supported directly in ZIP files. Demonstrates how to RSA encrypt a string using Chilkat, and then shows the corresponding OpenSSL command to RSA decrypt. zip Manual: man zip OpenSSL: the standard open source tool for encryption. Encryption using tar bzip gzip and zip Hi can any one tell me if i can encrypt a file using tar or tar bzip/gzip or zip command while taking a backup just as i can do with vi. However, if your server requires. [[email protected] test]# openssl des3 -salt -in level6. enc -pass file:. The following page is a combination of the INSTALL file provided with the OpenSSL library and notes from the field. It is capable of message digests, encryption and decryption of files, digital certificates, digital signatures, and random numbers. Unicode filename support through UTF-8 encoding. pem The problem was that the encrypted data needed to be base64 decoded before I could decrypt it. Decrypt crypt12 File. How to Encrypt Files with Open PGP In this tutorial, you will learn how to encrypt files and sign them using GoAnywhere's Open PGP encryption software. Encrypting your files makes them difficult for anyone to access and read without your password. The truncate command will strip the last 20 bytes from the crypt12 file. Stoller scott. Linux has plenty of powerful encryption software, but what can you use if you just want to secure a couple files quickly? The OpenSSL toolkit works well for this. You may configure just SSL encryption and independently choose a separate mechanism for client authentication, e. To my surprise, I had quite a difficult time finding an example of how to do it!. pem rm passwd. com (newest release at the top!) Instructions: Make sure to get the latest version: For Total Commander 32-bit, get openssl-VERSION-i386-win32. PowerShell: Encrypt and Decrypt Data by using Certificates (Public Key / Private Key) I managed to break the file used in encryption. It also happens to be one of the methods used in our PGP and GPG programs. Be sure to check the box saying it is base64 encoded. MegaCryption’s compression can be used to create zipped files on the mainframe with or without encryption. enc -out key. That's wrong. Copy the PFX or P12 file to the same location as your OpenSSL program (or specify the location in the command line). enc - output file name-outform DER - encode output file as binary. xml -pass file:. Apparently, it's not good enough to first create a ZIP file and then encrypt it independently using a tool designed specifically for encryption, such as GPG or OpenSSL; some proprietary vendors decided they wanted strong encryption supported directly in ZIP files. Create a encrypted zip file using zip: zip --password mypassword testarchive. I am having a problem with PGP files. zbackup would compress and encrypt the data itself, so there's no need to do that yourself. zip file zip -r directory. crt and mongodb-test-ia. OpenSSL: open Secure Socket Layer protocol Version. enc' file that has been encrypted using someone's public key. We've taken the most common OpenSSL commands and compiled them all in one place for you to refer to. Easy to use, easy to install, actively maintained and actively supported, phpseclib is the best way to utilize SSH, SFTP, RSA and X. sh is a free command line tool which checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more. But when I decrypt again, the zip is corrupted and can't be opened. zip -out Archive. PP7M files that are password protected. HTML that was created on victim Desktop. bin 6 And then decrypt with our public key: openssl rsautl -decrypt -inkey private. zip files from the RUU. However, if the server is not available or if the user is not connected to the internet, the ransomware will encrypt files with a fixed key ("offline key"). If you want to encrypt a message to Alice, you encrypt it using Alice's public key, and she decrypts it with her private key. (#) Cipher - Two Simple Commands To Encrypt/Decrypt Files and Directories In Linux Command Line (#) How To Use VIM Editor To Encrypt/Decrypt and Password Protect Files In Linux. Next, I need to encrypt a bunch of important files in a folder with a password only a few other people and I know. The encryption routine takes two parameters - the file descriptors of input file and the output file to which the encrypted data is to be saved. If you want to encrypt it just for you, you can use symmetric encryption - there's only one password used for both encryption and decryption. Follow and store symbolic links. After you extract the files, the folder contains the openssl. OpenSSL is a robust, commercial-grade, and full-featured toolkit for the Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocols. If it’s a binary file, then omit the --decrypt option, which will write the decrypted file to disk. txt testfile1. AES-256 provides stronger encryption, but now AES-256 is supported only by 7-Zip, WinZip and some other ZIP archivers. This list is just a reference which hopefully saves some googling. For the simple example above I've ignored the IV (just using a buffer of zeros), but for a more serious application this is a grave mistake. Method One. VI and VIM Linux editor tutorial of advanced editing features and tricks. Net dll and encryption method is AES-256. How to test SMTP authentication and StartTLS using the command line? When investigating SMTP authentication issues, particular over TLS encrypted SMTP connections, it’s always handy if you are able to test the SMTP authentication and StartTLS connection. The library works with actual private keys generated via OpenSSL, so it is not a hybrid solution that mimics OpenSSL RSA. If you are using the OpenSSL encryption library, which is default on Linux and Mac OS, you need to convert this file to a “pem” format which the client can use. The system is clean of any OpenSSL remains (check every file in the OpenSSL package, removed them all). exe file and supporting files. Files will be backed up once the backup task is started, even if the files are changed or deleted afterwards. That's wrong. is a Perl script that scans all files in a directory and adds symbolic links to their hash values. I'll cover the following topics in the code samples below: FileStreamFileAccess, FileMode, DateTime, Class, and Dec. $ 7za a -tzip -p -mem=AES256 tecmint. ext Other Tools to encrypt files I think that the best way to encrypt files in Linux is GnuPG, but if you don’t like it or maybe don’t like any of the previous alternatives, you should see the following two tools:. Is there a file storage module on the new openacs server? Would you send me your credit card information so I can test these functions?. Top 10 Encryption Tools You Should Know One encryption tool is not enough to protect your system. You’ll need to use the OpenSSL technology via the command line for this to work. pem References: Raspberry Pi / Linux: Encrypt/decrypt a string with RSA public/private keys in PHP Encrypt/decrypt a string with RSA public/private PEM files using Python Sending an RSA encrypted message from client to Python socket server iOS:. MySQL Enterprise Encryption functions are located in a user-defined function (UDF) library file installed in the plugin directory (the directory named by the plugin_dir system variable). zip file or a. The findings of this survey identified 619 entities that sell encryption products. INTRODUCTION A SECURITY HEADACHE. rar files, use no compression (-0 or -m0) and no encryption. openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -a -salt -in XXLarge. sign -binary data. But when I decrypt again, the zip is corrupted and can't be opened. The two articles in this series cover—collectively—cryptographic hashes, digital signatures, encryption and decryption, and digital certificates. It's only one of the ways to generate certs, another way would be having both inside a pem file or another in a p12 container. org SM2 is a cryptographic algorithm based on elliptic curves. zip (Full Package Update v02. Any full domain that matches *. Using the Code This project is built with Visual Studio 2012, all core codes are placed in Encipher. The class can also decrypt previously encrypted files using the same password. You can generate RSA public and private keys but when it comes to encrypting a large file using this command: openssl rsautl -encrypt -pubin -inkey public. Ask Question Asked 1 year, 9 months ago. The findings of this survey identified 619 entities that sell encryption products. The FreeBSD Project. This was developed with the idea of testing defenses against ransomware in mind, but can also be used for securely storing and accessing information within a script. Quickly Decrypt the file: openssl des3 -d -salt -in encryptedfile. cfg – This is the OpenSSL configuration file. The Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES is a NIST approved block cipher specified in FIPS 197, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). Copy the file DigiCertGlobalRootCA. Source Code. zip in the example), OpenSSL digest (dgst) command is used. Send both the encrypted bulk data ZIP file and the encrypted Session Password file to Bob; Once Bob receives the two files he does: Decrypt the Session Password with his private password. Discount Coupons Don't download a crack! Get a real license at a discount! FireDaemon software products can purchased online with immediate license key delivery. T70N0LXXARGEF21002. You'll need to use the OpenSSL technology via the command line for this to work. exe includes a hardcoded path for searching it’s settings. This is the source code that accompanies Applied Cryptography, Second Edition, plus additional material from public sources. Encrypting a tar or gz (gzip) File with OpenSSL that you need to transmit but want to make it easy to encrypt and decrypt it, use some standard tools to get the. Free Image Placeholder Service. In this video, learn how to get a list of available subcommands and how to get help on. [2002-05-01 03:14 UTC] isilva at -NOSPAM-iis dot com dot br When trying to decrypt a wrong cypher php sigsev's. MySQL REGEXP ip address, zip codes, email Misc Create a CSR in Java Others BASH - OpenSSL X509, CSR, CRL OCSP Commands C++ AES GCM Authenticated Encryption C++ Check CRL For Revocation C++ Check OCSP For Cert Revocation C++ stringutils Centos7 - Apache Chroot Jail MySQL - Explode CSV String into rows PHP AES-128 CBC with HMAC File Encryption. NET RSA Encryption incompatible to PHP-OpenSSL Implementation. enc file # prompt for password zip --encrypt -r directory. OpenSSL mainly developed in the Free software and Linux community but this doesn’t mean Windows do not use OpenSSL library and tools. It provides Java API for both cipher level and Java stream level. decrypted -pass file:. This is still viable as long as your password is chosen well. JavaScript library of crypto standards. zip files (and the Optional files too) to your TC70’s storage. In the Equifax example, the file should be named 594f1775. OpenSSL Password Encryption openssl enc -aes-128-cbc < my_file. Open your Windows 'cmd' window. Here is a collection of tutorials on managing certificates with OpenSSL compiled by FYIcenter. To do this using the OpenSSL command line tool, you could run this: openssl aes-128-cbc -in Archive. The file extensions. Using openssl you could either encrypt the file with a password or use public key crypto if you wanted. Encrypt & Decrypt Files With Password Using OpenSSL Posted on Monday December 19th, 2016 Saturday March 18th, 2017 by admin OpenSSL is a powerful cryptography toolkit that can be used for encryption of files and messages. txt --export 'File Encryption Key' The File Encryption Key is the name I entered during the key generation procedure. By default, Apache Kafka® communicates in PLAINTEXT, which means that all data is sent in the clear. Decrypting Decrypt the password protected zipped file using. The OpenSSL Project is a collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, full-featured, and Open Source toolkit implementing the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL v2/v3) and Transport Layer Security (TLS v1) protocols as well as a full-strength general purpose cryptography library. Here at the Bouncy Castle, we believe in encryption. To decrypt this type of file you will need the Entrust Password Decrypt tool which will decrypt any. How To Encrypt And Decrypt Files Using Private Public Keys With OpenSSL On Ubuntu Linux. Preservation of file attributes across file systems. bin -out original. Your participation and Contributions are valued. Stoller scott. T o encrypt and decrypt files with a password, use gpg command. 1 release branch. Free Award-Winning File Manager WinSCP is a popular SFTP client and FTP client for Microsoft Windows! Copy file between a local computer and remote servers using FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, WebDAV or S3 file transfer protocols. Encrypt Files is a File Encryption / Decryption App with features to find and view files, share files, and audit file changes. Luckily this is the widest known encryption library and technology on earth. When encrypting files and folders, Windows will use a self-generated certificate that contains keys used to encrypt and decrypt the data. November 2, 2018 787,606 views. integrates the power of GPG into almost any application via the macOS Services context menu. The zip contains a xml file, and encryption of this. Doing any crypto related task nearly always involves also both standards and algorithms, so, for most web developers, it's not entirely obvious which 'command' corresponds to a particular action. Compress files into zip using 7-zip and encrypt it. I am attempting to follow the example in this question: Where is the salt on the OpenSSL AES encryption? but I'm having some trouble decrypting using the key and initialization vector. To safely encrypt large files (>600MB) with openssl smime you'll have to split each file into small chunks: # Splits large file into 500MB pieces split -b 500M -d -a 4 INPUT_FILE_NAME input. OpenSSL commands are easy with this cheat sheet. openssl is the actual command. The encryption algorithm used by zip command is PKZIP stream cipher. Then, add the directory where OpenSSL was extracted to the Windows environment path. openssl genrsa -des3 -out private. sign -binary data. RSA is a public-key encryption algorithm and the standard for encrypting data sent over the internet. MegaCryption’s compression can be used to create zipped files on the mainframe with or without encryption. txt -out encrypted. Encryption is then performed using modular exponentiation. I spent a little bit of time last night and this morning trying to find some examples for AES encryption using Python and PyCrypto. txt -out encryptedfile. Is there any code that can hel. The encryption used is considered "weak" by the author, using another encryption method prior to applying PGE is recommended. Extract zip files from an already existing zip file on the AS/400 IFS Ted does a nice job here showing the nuts and bolts of working with IBM i zip files in a relatively short article. MegaCryption’s compression can be used to create zipped files on the mainframe with or without encryption. (Supported ciphers)-in plainfile. Today, I wanted to gain a deeper understanding of AES encryption. When file versioning is enabled in Cloud Station, it will not occupy additional storage on Btrfs file system. If the settings are not found, OpenSSL uses it’s defaults. If not specified 40 bit RC2 is used (very weak). File encryption is not available in Windows 10 Home. pfx file into something that’s asking for a private and a public key in plain text?! Well it’s easy actually, we have to convert the. Here's a safe way to pass sensitive files over email To encrypt use: openssl enc -e -bf-cbc -in -out This will ask you for a password that you'll need to decrypt the file. decrypted -pass file:. Welcome! If you don't have a Git account, you can't do anything here. I built these functions two encrypt and decrypt credit card information using openssl. Moreover, students will be able to use tools and write programs to encrypt/decrypt messages. bin -out decrypted_message. i need encrypt url. How to Encrypt and Decrypt using Openssl on windows Encrypted files in Windows with GPG. , does not specifically apply to Symantec Encryption Management Server. # Encrypts each piece find -maxdepth 1 -type f -name 'input. It’s also important to realize that there is a difference between a hard drive/hardware encryption and a file encryption, and it’s rarely an either/or situation. gz When building a release for the first time, please make sure to look at the INSTALL file in the distribution along with any NOTES file applicable to your platform. Restart the hMailServer service. published 1. I am having a problem with PGP files. The output can be base64 or Hex encoded. File-based encryption. You should now have a binary file called encrypted. To decrypt this type of file you will need the Entrust Password Decrypt tool which will decrypt any. It will ask for password like:. Smartcrypt Application Encryption is available in multiple languages and is easy to use. As it is only test code, we can check that later. Read Also: How to Password Protect a Vim File in Linux In this post, I will show you. This site allows you to encrypt or decrypt any md5 hash, we have our own database with more than 10 million keys, also we look for your hash on 23+ others web sites. Apache Commons Crypto is a cryptographic library optimized with AES-NI (Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions). Examples Encryption. Here is a variant to my "Howto: Make Your Own Cert With OpenSSL" method. Openssl Decrypt Dll Freeware Universal Real-Time Software Oscilloscope GUI DLL Library v. When trying to upgrade from 1. exe -s zabbix_agentd. bin -pass pass:example // Hello World! Part 2) Public and Private Keys. enc \ -out myLargeFile. 7-Zip 7-Zip. Decryption of pgp data using Java We can decrypt an OpenPGP encrypted file if it is encrypted with a public key and we have the corresponding private key, or if it was encrypted with a password (also known as conventional encrypted or PBE). h files given in a. The class can also decrypt previously encrypted files using the same password. The file extensions. Click the Zip tab. Right-click (or press and hold) a file or folder and select Properties. If you want to encrypt it for someone else, or more than one person, you can use asymmetric encryption -. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit these to conduct a padding oracle attack, resulting in the ability to decrypt the network traffic. OpenSSL is a robust, commercial-grade, and full-featured toolkit for the Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocols. It supports Windows, Mac, tablets, self-encrypting drives, and removable media (USB drives, external hard drives, and DVDs). For example: openssl enc -in foo. To install OpenSSL in a 32-bit or 64-bit iOS device, you must copy the libcrypto. Openssl aes encryption seems not to work for me Tag: encryption , openssl , aes I tried to use aes-256-ebc encryption with Openssl, but it seems my output is not what I expected. After encryption, Cryptowall will add the full path to the file as a value under the HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\\CRYPTLIST Registry key. Create a encrypted zip file using zip: zip --password mypassword testarchive. All code used for the data on this page is in this zip file. 1 data from a BIO due to invalid encoding causing a large allocation of memory. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit these to conduct a padding oracle attack, resulting in the ability to decrypt the network traffic. I have yet to determine what has been modified. 7zip compression methods supports encryption with AES-256 algorithm. we use the same password for encryption and decryption. Examples Base64 Encoding. We will first generate a random key, encrypt that random key against the public key of the other person and use that random key to encrypt the actual file with using symmetric encryption. ZIP is a very popular compression and file packaging utility for Unix-like operating systems as well as Windows. bin -pass pass:example // Hello World! Part 2) Public and Private Keys. zip directory zip --encrypt file. Openssl Decrypt Dll Freeware Universal Real-Time Software Oscilloscope GUI DLL Library v. Hover over each file to obtain the file's MD5 hash. Data Encryption at-rest. By default, the option to encrypt the file system is unchecked during the installation. (Supported ciphers)-in plainfile. Following is the code snippet of the header file. txt and it contains some classified information or some secret stuff which you wanna hide. In order to compete in the fast­-paced app world, you must reduce development time and get to market faster than your competitors. The OpenSSL project does not distribute any code in binary form, and does not officially recommend any specific binary distributions. For example, at the time this article is written, the newest version is openssl-1. Decryption of pgp data using Java We can decrypt an OpenPGP encrypted file if it is encrypted with a public key and we have the corresponding private key, or if it was encrypted with a password (also known as conventional encrypted or PBE). txt -decrypt -inkey private_key. Download OpenSSL. Rijndael is a family of ciphers with different key and block sizes. OpenSSL commands are easy with this cheat sheet. Using the application GpgEX, you can sign or encrypt files out of Windows Explorer -. It is capable of message digests, encryption and decryption of files, digital certificates, digital signatures, and random numbers. Think of it like a zip file for keys & certificates, which includes options to password protect etc. This example shows how to decrypt what was created using this openssl command: openssl enc -e -aes-256-cbc -in hamlet. You need to next extract the public key file. By mixing in an IV, you mitigate any patterns from forming which could be identified and used to break your encryption key. AES provides confidentiality only using most modes of operation (such as ECB and CBC). pass -aes256 PublicKey1. This package can encrypt and decrypt data using adapter classes. For example: openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -salt -in file. Below is a quick config on how to to encrypt and decrypt large files using OpenSSL and Linux such as Redhat, Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Fedora etc. txt -out encrypted. Download Convenient Encryption using OpenSSL for free. The OpenSSL project does not distribute any code in binary form, and does not officially recommend any specific binary distributions. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. When you enter the correct password, GPG will recreate the original, unencrypted version of the file (such as my_file). Speedy performance: the library makes it possible to bring out into the beams of the viewing oscilloscope over a million quantization. Encryption ensures that even if an unauthorized party tries to access the data, they won’t be able to read it. Both variants encrypt files by using AES256 encryption with a unique encryption key downloaded from a remote server. This class can encrypt and decrypt data using the OpenSSL. openssl enc -in ciphertext -out binarytext -d -a openssl rsautl -decrypt -in binarytext -out plaintext -inkey private. - CVE-2019-9506: The Bluetooth BR/EDR specification up to and including version 5. Openssl Decrypt Dll Freeware Universal Real-Time Software Oscilloscope GUI DLL Library v. zip -out Archive. f) newpowerchute. Symmetric Encryption helps achieve compliance by supporting encryption of data in a simple and consistent way for Ruby and Rails projects. NET Core, ASP. You should now have a binary file called encrypted. 1 permits sufficiently low encryption key length and did not prevent an attacker from influencing the key length negotiation. 0-fips library does not induce the same penalty. 0 Universal oscilloscope GUI ( Real-time plot ) DLL library for data acquisition, simulation, debugging. pem -in file. exe includes a hardcoded path for searching it’s settings. AACS Keys - A program revealing all AACS Keys needed to decrypt A program revealing all AACS Keys needed to decrypt (HD DVD and Blu-ray) that file is in the zip. zip files from the RUU. 7-Zip 7-Zip. • Similarly, with software encryption the encryption process is observable in memory— again, not the case with hardware encryption. Symmetric Encryption uses OpenSSL to encrypt and decrypt data, and can therefore expose all the encryption algorithms supported by OpenSSL. Copy the file DigiCertGlobalRootCA. Once you have saved both keys, you may wish to try to encrypt a message using PGP. The output message is displayed in a hex view and can also be downloaded as a binary file. The encryption routine takes two parameters - the file descriptors of input file and the output file to which the encrypted data is to be saved. 7z -out file. OpenSSL - how. Some third parties provide OpenSSL compatible engines. openssl smime -decrypt -in in_encrypted. Contribute to zhangyoufu/unifi-backup-decrypt development by creating an account on GitHub. The two articles in this series cover—collectively—cryptographic hashes, digital signatures, encryption and decryption, and digital certificates. If the private key has a passphrase, you’ll need to provide that too. It allows you to encrypt/decrypt, sign/verify text selections, files, folders and much more. OpenSSH is the premier connectivity tool for remote login with the SSH protocol. key and you want to decrypt it and store it as mykey. To troubleshoot why the library I was using kept rejecting the message I wanted to verify the signed message step by step, using OpenSSL. -aes-256-cbc - chosen cipher AES in 256 bit for encryption (strong). I do have the public of the owner who encrypted these files, but the guy is from China and i am unable to understand his terrible English. 1X/WPA component that is used in the client stations. Using Cygwin, navigate to the enterprise export folder. I built these functions two encrypt and decrypt credit card information using openssl. Culture How to encrypt selected text and entire text files with Notepad++. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: