Curl Post Json Array

List of SDKs: Python SDK. Many time REST API documentation uses example syntax for CURL command line tool because its one of the most popular tool to make API call. Try creating a PSCredential object like below and passing it to the -Credential parameter, if it doesn't work I would recommend trying to follow these steps to manually build the authentication header. in that it returns multiple results in the form of a JSON array of. We attached our JSON data using the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS option. This chapter will teach you how to exchange JSON data between the client and a PHP server. Hey everyone! I decided to put a few extra batteries in the background color of the article image above. In this episode we will look at how to post json to spring controller and have it automatically convert JSON to arraylist, object or multiple objects. How To Send JSON Via POST In Cross Domain Using Codeigniter or PHP? Sometimes, you'll come across web services and APIs that will require you to send JSON via a POST request. Using curl and PHP to talk to a REST service. In order to make the integration process as easy and comfortable as possible, we provide various code examples showing how to access the RapidParser web service for different programming languages. WEBアプリの開発で テストの為に JSONのデータをPOSTしたいことがありますが、 curl を使ってコマンドラインからデータをPOSTすることが出来ます。 いつも書き方を忘れるので 備忘録として記録。 curl で JSON データをPOST % curl -v -H "Accept: application/j…. Nothing new, right? Well, there's a hurdle -- the information isn't going to be saved on the localhost database -- it needs to be stored in a remote database that I. I was recently working on a project where I had to send and receive binary files to and from a REST API, so I decided to document some of the code I wrote. The following fields are expected (more formally defined below) in the report:. Using this plugin, you can trivially launch a REST endpoint to gather data. So I have a curl request written in php to test out my API, the code is as follows:. cURL Post JSON. I need all the values for item2 in a array for a bash script to be run on ubuntu 14. If you aren't familiar with JSON, don't worry—I've have an introductory post on JSON that will help get you up to speed. getJSON() by Ravishanker Kusuma in Coding Nov 28th 2013 · 0 Comments In jQuery AJAX JSON Example, I have explained how to handle GET and POST JSON requests using jQuery API. Here are two PHP scripts I just wrote that use curl and curl_setopt. Sending Data with PHP to a jSON Script with curl. PHP cURL have set of curl. Introduction. Dear Experts, I'm new with sending data in Json format, Reading posted data in Json format is ok for me. I thought that was about my trial version speech to text api. This is a common request in forums so I will show you how to use the new HttpClient class and the DataContractJsonSerializer to post JSON data to a web service. The AJAX module that I renamed AJAX_Data will set the Request_Header to "Content-Type" with the value of "application/json", because the REST API via cURL request will utilize JSON. I am using the curb gem to do a Curl Multi post using JSON data. When you want to convert a php array to a josn array its json_encode(). Following is the PHP cURL wrapper class which I use to make GET and POST requests. (Used in DNS probes). I'm not aware of any "shortcut" like op_type=index which will basically say that only index operations are provided in the JSON stream. I have been writing some PowerShell API utilities converting from working CURL requests. 0 access token obtained from CRMAPI. [ {"Text":"I would really like to drive your car around the block a few times. Hello Alpesh Savaliya,. I just re-read your first post - are you sending info from your server to another website? If so, then yes, you can use PHP. Sometime we need to work with web services and APIs of third party website, at that time we need to use php curl for get request, post request, delete request, put request ect. The keys should be valid curl_setopt() constants or their integer equivalents. Number Lookup response is returned immediately, eliminating the need for the call back server. Tickets Tickets are the means through which your end users (customers) communicate with agents in Zendesk Support. PractiTest API V2 Welcome to the PractiTest’s REST API V2! The REST API is designed for developers who want to integrate PractiTest into their application, synchronize issue trackers or develop any other tool integration with PractiTest. I'm not aware of any "shortcut" like op_type=index which will basically say that only index operations are provided in the JSON stream. returns a map of accounts as an object. writing this post). curl is a powerful system to transfer data to many protocals. The in_http Input plugin allows you to send events through HTTP requests. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation. password Specify password for basic authentication of REST probes. Epoch time is not being calculated from UTC. [code]xhr = new XMLHttpRequest(); var url = "url"; xhr. Api - środowisko testowe. If you want to create a Rest of the PHP API without using any framework, I will give a short tutorial how to send JSON data PHP using curl and receive post data on the API server. You can use cURL library to POST data on our server. Hello, I am using vco 7. FileMaker JSON Functions. In the following examples the data that is passed to the JSON server depends entirely on which service you are trying to access and what fields are required by that service. CodeIgniter-cURL is a CodeIgniter library which makes it easy to do simple cURL requests and makes more complicated cURL requests easier too. In addition, we will introduce you to some of the most common PostgreSQL JSON operators and functions for handling JSON data. The PHP cURL is a library used for making HTTP requests. You'll see hands-on examples of working with Python's built-in "json" module all the way up to encoding and decoding custom objects. JSON PARSER ONLINE is a tool which lets you parse json string into a preety and colorful json tree view. A comprehensive guide for JSON handling with PHP that includes example code to read, write, parse, encode, decode and convert JSON data. (with GET it works fine. The Aladtec API is implemented as a JSON web service that accepts authenticated HTTP requests, then returns a response with an HTTP status code and a JSON payload. This is my technical blog about programming, server setup & configuration, technical learning experience. 5 - How To Make cURL HTTP Request Example By : Laravelcode October 17, 2017 Category 362714 views. it would be greate, if someone has an example how to create an issue with php using curl i tried some different examples, which i found on the internet but none of them worked correctly :/ You must be a registered user to add a comment. So I have a curl request written in php to test out my API, the code is as follows:. Sending two POSTs with the same data should create two separate records. In this tutorial, you will learn how to POST JSON data with PHP cURL requests. Re: Php post request with curl and json data Posted 05 November 2012 - 04:20 AM 201 might be OK as a status code, as a POST request in REST generally indicates a new resource (i. General Information. Here is a brief tutorial of PHP CURL Post Example to send JSON data. JSON is the preferred way to go for any new custom integrations. 2 contributors. Computer Vision API - v1. A bit about JSON. you can fire post request, get request, put request and delete request in curl codeigniter 3. The Acquia Cloud API allows developers to extend, enhance, and customize Acquia Cloud. A cURL handle returned by curl_init(). Valid values are: create, read, update, destroy, move, copy. OK, I Understand. Let’s Start to send JSON data via POSt Request with PHP cURL: In the. List of SDKs: Python SDK. We initiated cURL using curl_init. This documentation provides you the required information to successfully make use of the API. After making a GET request to a REST service the natural progression is to POST information back to the server. Pages fetched with POST are never cached, so the cache and ifModified options in jQuery. SecurityCredential: Base64 encoded string of the B2B short code and password, which is encrypted using M-Pesa public key and validates the transaction on M-Pesa Core system. Now I would like to post data. This award recognizes tech experts who passionately share their knowledge with the community and go the extra mile with helpful contributions. The article is about how to post json data to ASP. Find file Copy path sganz Removed index on response ab17c4f Oct 10, 2018. 그 리턴되는 값을 test_button_pro. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. POST Remove a subscription to events for a plant POST Run a scene POST Set automation's status POST Set automation's status on ambient POST Set heater's status POST Set heater's status on ambient POST Set light's status POST Set light's status on ambient. If you want to create a Rest of the PHP API without using any framework, I will give a short tutorial how to send JSON data PHP using curl and receive post data on the API server. Submitting a form post with PHP and CURL Posted in PHP - Last updated Aug. Reach your users even when they lost mobile data connectivity. Try this example. After making a GET request to a REST service the natural progression is to POST information back to the server. curl is a powerful system to transfer data to many protocals. Command Prompt's character escaping rules are both archaic and awful. When I access the module and create the record the first one it always get duplicated, and subsequently the record created in the URL gets duplicated too. PHP CURL POST & GET Examples - How to send HTTP POST and GET requests with the help of PHP CURL library. PHP cURL have set of curl. Need help? Questions about the Moneybird API? We are more than willing to help! Send us an e-mail at [email protected] This tutorial will help you, how to use TLS 1. The simplest way to access any service is through cURL. JSON supports the following two data structures − Collection of name/value pairs − This Data Structure is supported by different programming languages. Valid values are: create, read, update, destroy, move, copy. FileMaker JSON Functions. The class comes with a bunch of overloaded parse methods plus some special methods such as parseText , parseFile and others. I decided to put this into a blog post so I can just point people to it in the future. Property Datatype Description; name: String: An alias or name you have given for your website (defaults to the website domain) status: String: A string indicating whether the website is currently recording (values: NotInstalled, Recording, Stopped, Paused). You can use bulk for indexing, deleting, updating… So we need to know what you want to do. Using this plugin, you can trivially launch a REST endpoint to gather data. One way to set up a "before filter" on a controller is to…. Nothing new, right? Well, there's a hurdle -- the information isn't going to be saved on the localhost database -- it needs to be stored in a remote database that I. (with GET it works fine. it would be greate, if someone has an example how to create an issue with php using curl i tried some different examples, which i found on the internet but none of them worked correctly :/ You must be a registered user to add a comment. The entire text included in the request cannot exceed 50,000 characters including spaces. Curl is a fast and simple way to GET and post CSV data. I thought that was about my trial version speech to text api. The text value of an array element cannot exceed 10,000 characters including spaces. Use GoCD's API to access GoCD API endpoints and receive information about configuration, build history, update configuration and execute builds. If you set CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS to an array and have CURLOPT_POST set to TRUE, Content-Length will be -1 and most sane servers will reject the request. CodeIgniter-cURL is a CodeIgniter library which makes it easy to do simple cURL requests and makes more complicated cURL requests easier too. After making a GET request to a REST service the natural progression is to POST information back to the server. It’s make easy to POST JSON data to APIs url and receive response in JSON data format. php中 curl模拟post发送json并接收json,本地模拟请求服务器数据,请求数据格式为jo,服务器返回数据也是jo. You should use POST requests if possible. A result object includes the following properties: sentLen: An array of integers representing the lengths of the sentences in the text element. Sending and Receiving JSON data via POST Request is most important functionality in PHP. The cURL command is working fine when outside the loop passing a string variable to it (see the following FIRST SCENARIO), however when I try to do something similar on a. Comments are not allowed in JSON. Using curl and PHP to talk to a REST service. And as an added bonus, the JSON functions can be used for multiple parameter passing in scripts, giving developers a. "} ] The following limitations apply: The array can have at most 100 elements. Hi! I'm probably not using the right terms. If file size text is red - file is too large for saving on server, but you can copy it to your clipboard and save locally to *. cURL Post JSON. Also, it wants the message segments as its own array. Let’s Start to send JSON data via POSt Request with PHP cURL: In the. We attached our JSON data using the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS option. * Using XMLHttpRequest() in plain JavaScript XMLHttpRequest is an API that provides client functionality for transferring data between a client and a server. In my opinion, a PUT can be used for a create if a second PUT with the same data would result in no change and no new record. Follow the steps. The text value of an array element cannot exceed 1,000 characters including spaces. I know how to make curl read from a file using a POST request, but the API doesn't seem to support HTTP POST here. but I dont know how to solve it can anyone show me? PLEASE. I use the PHP json_encode method to convert a PHP array to How to use PHP curl and curl_setopt with JSON web services. The length of the array is the number of sentences, and the values are the length of each sentence. Depending on the command line tool you use, the format in which you use cURL to make API requests will differ. Accessing a service via the The JSON server is no different. How do I POST JSON data with Curl from a terminal/commandline to Test Spring REST? Hot Network Questions. The above command will return JSON which is structured as follows: {"state": "listening"} Make sure to replace YOUR-S2T-API-TOKEN with the API token you created. Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type. Hey everyone! I decided to put a few extra batteries in the background color of the article image above. Spring @RequestMapping and @RequestParam example with @PathVariable, class, method, headers, default and fallback methods. PHP cURL, POST JSON. Stdout or even HTTP response bodies. In JavaScript, array values can be all of the above, plus any other valid JavaScript expression, including functions, dates, and undefined. Hello Alpesh Savaliya,. It is because you aren't ending the value attribute, so your selected option becomes "[email protected] The cURL command is working fine when outside the loop passing a string variable to it (see the following FIRST SCENARIO), however when I try to do something similar on a. The simplest way to access any service is through cURL. It ships with a dizzying array of options and features, most of which you will not need on a daily basis. 值得注意的是,json_encode() 在处理中文问题上,可以控制是否转为unicode格式,常量JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE这个控制。详情见http://php. Introduction. PHP CURL POST example. As such, every API request must contain an Authorize HTTP header with a token Access tokens are app specific. Enviar y recibir datos JSON mediante JSON. For instance, an Issue resource has title and body attributes. The PHP cURL is a library used for making HTTP requests. For example: This is how the JSON output looks like:. It should make a lot more sense to you, now that you know what curl is! That's all for today! Maybe we can get to curling in the next post. ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows. --David Twitter : @dadoonet / @elasticsearchfr / @scrutmydocs Le 19 nov. Using curl and PHP to talk to a REST service. curl is a powerful system to transfer data to many protocals. Push an array of JSON objects one by one from a text file using cURL and jq You'll need to parse that file as JSON and then iterate the array contents to push. I'm not aware of any "shortcut" like op_type=index which will basically say that only index operations are provided in the JSON stream. cURL is a tool for working with URLs. ( Thanks to Ray Paseur ) I use below code on my json. Although JSON resembles an object or an array, JSON is a string. Date/Time is expressed in the time zone defined by the Aladtec system being accessed. We encoded our PHP array into a JSON string by using the function json_encode. WWW/WWWForm to post json data. cURL lets us query a URL from the command line. it is a good way to send data between websites. Do the API docs mention what authentication method they use? (Basic/Digest etc) EDIT: Nvm, curl uses Basic by default. Catch and parse JSON Post data in PHP. Computer Vision API - v1. What I don't understand is how is PHP supposed to interpret my POST, it. you can done this with cURL or HTTP request. This method accepts a document containing a JSON array sent via HTTP POST and converts the array into instances that are then persisted. an array:. In this episode we will look at how to post json to spring controller and have it automatically convert JSON to arraylist, object or multiple objects. POST on /documents/{documentId} with document id to post a feedback to the API. A continuación se muestra el código que tengo. Ordered list of values − It includes array, list, vector or sequence etc. General Information. This is a quick tutorial on creating a WebRequest to imitate a Curl GET in C#. Arrays of objects are absolutely iterable. Therefore you can run it through PHPs json_decode() function to convert it into a php array. (Used in DNS probes). See your command line tool below for the cURL syntax to use when making requests to Oracle Eloqua's APIs. It makes sense that the JSON isn't handled via normal $_POST since there's really no key, per se; essentially you just need the "blob" of data as a whole, which is provided by php://input. PHP cURL hace posible que podamos postear datos JSON a una URL. One common function used by developers is to make a POST request with curl, which is what we're going to cover here. writing this post). //#1: Make GET. Download FileMaker Pro 16 Help. How to post a json array to elasticsearch. After checking out a bunch of pages on how to post xml and json using WWWForm, I just cannot get a valid response from the server. Included is a step-by-step demonstration of how to make a Slack Bot, code included!. We encoded our PHP array into a JSON string by using the function json_encode. php curl will help to post request with parameters and headers, we can get json response. For instance, parsing the array [1,2,3] will return the following JSON:. Try creating a PSCredential object like below and passing it to the -Credential parameter, if it doesn't work I would recommend trying to follow these steps to manually build the authentication header. Curl is a fast and simple way to GET and post CSV data. In this tutorial, i will give you example of how to fire curl post request with codeigniter. I have share code with you that is working fine for me. It is very handy to have the abililty to arbitrarily send POST data from a form to a script. The body for the response will be in JSON format and will include the following: access_token: This is the token that will be used for all requests to the API. As such, every API request must contain an Authorize HTTP header with a token Access tokens are app specific. This is a short recipe, Recipe 15. The JSON Array comes from my android code. date: The date the object was published, in the site's timezone. Can't get the API to work. See how to connect to various endpoints to do just that. In this tutorial, we will show you how to POST JSON data using PHP cURL and get JSON data in PHP. The best advice I can give you us to manually create a JSON object in Notepad++, then use a REST client / SOAP client / curl to manually call the POST method. 1 getting info from json_decode CURL array If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. php 페이지는 그걸 받아서 JSON데이터 확인하고 맞으면 OK 틀리면 NO 를 리턴. What is JSON? JSON, or JavaScript Object Notation, is a minimal, readable format for structuring data. This sample demonstrates how to post complex JSON data to ASP. My JSON file has the following data. The keys should be valid curl_setopt() constants or their integer equivalents. And as an added bonus, the JSON functions can be used for multiple parameter passing in scripts, giving developers a. Responses are provided as XML, JSON or JSON-P. Parameters. WCF rest service to get post JSON data and retrieve JSON data with DataContract In this article I will talk about creating WCF RESTful services for CRUD operations which uses JSON and DataContracts. Use the syntax above ( curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @FILENAME DESTINATION ) to specify a file instead. Get last 200 Events related to Semaphore and projects you are part of. The following is portion of my jSON POST: lineItems : , How do I convert this. Here are two PHP scripts I just wrote that use curl and curl_setopt. If you want to create a Rest of the PHP API without using any framework, I will give a short tutorial how to send JSON data PHP using curl and receive post data on the API server. If you want to upload data using the bulk API, you can use a cURL request to upload data from a. The output isn't necessarily in UTF-8 so I'll update this article if the mobile app has problems reading the JSON feed. NET Core in C#, JavaScript for Visual Studio 2017 This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. PHP-CURL returns following error: If using HT…. CURL Comes to N1QL: Querying External JSON Data we can issue either GET or HTTP POST requests using the CURL function. A reminder to myself on how to craft a JSON POST using cURL. First we need to create Vardefs for colloction_name as of now I set as invitees. curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d "{'json':{'data. Introduction. Check out the RVM install page, and peep the first command. Do the API docs mention what authentication method they use? (Basic/Digest etc) EDIT: Nvm, curl uses Basic by default. Size appears at the top right of the field with the generated data. Utility for converting curl commands to code Convert cURL command syntax to Python requests, Ansible URI, Node. Try creating a PSCredential object like below and passing it to the -Credential parameter, if it doesn't work I would recommend trying to follow these steps to manually build the authentication header. Macのターミナルからcurlコマンドでjsonをpostする方法です。 ローカルで開発をしていて、apiの確認をしたい時によく使います。. I love using cURL for it’s simplicity when trying out api’s and other services that I might want to use and have spent a decent amount of time figuring this particular usage out more than once. You can use bulk for indexing, deleting, updating… So we need to know what you want to do. The Computer Vision API provides state-of-the-art algorithms to process images and return information. NET Core in C#, JavaScript for Visual Studio 2017 This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. ajaxSetup() have no effect on these requests. So I have a curl request written in php to test out my API, the code is as follows:. Custom PHP cURL library for the Laravel 4 or 5 framework - developed by Ixudra. (Mac users might also find this post helpful as well. If file size text is red - file is too large for saving on server, but you can copy it to your clipboard and save locally to *. $json empty public function deleteUser($extid) { $path = "/rest/user/". get /events/last. 11, "How to send JSON POST data to a REST URL in Scala. I broke up this post into three sections: Working with PHP; Working with JavaScript. I have currently 50K JSON events that i need to post to a service. So to consume their services via PHP applications, you also need to force your application to use TLS 1. There are three major components to Cloud API: A RESTful web interface that allows direct control of Acquia Cloud sites. A result object includes. The OPENJSON function enables you to reference some array in JSON text and return elements from that array: SELECT value. We’ll keep things fairly simple and show three examples to make a POST. Below is working code demonstration of PHP curl with post json field. Get JSON using PHP cURL from web service Js' Technical Blog. The function accepts an array of URLs to hit and optionally an array of cURL options if you need to pass any. Send an array of objects wrapped in { "rows": YOUR_ARRAY_HERE } JSON to add multiple rows in one request. A common need when building a restful API is the ability to accept a JSON encoded entity from the request body. Hi all, I'm a newbie here, when I post an item to elasticsearch curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/sg/Location -d "@Location. JSON PARSER ONLINE is a tool which lets you parse json string into a preety and colorful json tree view. WEBアプリの開発で テストの為に JSONのデータをPOSTしたいことがありますが、 curl を使ってコマンドラインからデータをPOSTすることが出来ます。 いつも書き方を忘れるので 備忘録として記録。 curl で JSON データをPOST % curl -v -H "Accept: application/j…. I was in a similar situation a while ago, and boy, JSON is finicky. So, Today we will learn about "How to POST and Receive JSON Data using cURL in PHP". There is a limit of. I misread your question. Sending POST form data with php CURL This brief guide explains 2 different reasons for wanting to send POST data with curl and how to do it. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard ECMA-262 3rd Edition - December 1999. PHP cURL, POST JSON. For example, it can be used to determine if an image contains mature content, or it can be used to find all the faces in an image. Uptime Robot has a very easy-to-use API. org is a personal key/value JSON store as a service. Parameters. So, Today we will learn about "How to POST and Receive JSON Data using cURL in PHP". PHP CURL Request same Server / Domain // POST Request for JSON // CURL POST OR GET from same domain or origin or server. NULL is returned if the json cannot be decoded or if the encoded data is deeper than the recursion limit. But curl returns with empty reply randomly. A result object includes the following properties: sentLen: An array of integers representing the lengths of the sentences in the text element. Zamzar provides a simple API for fast, scalable, high-quality file conversion for 100s of formats. So I have a curl request written in php to test out my API, the code is as follows:. We specified that we were sending a POST request by setting the CURLOPT_POST option to 1. tool } Now you can quickly edit any provided curl commands by prepending json and removing the verbose (-v) and header (-i/-I) options. Before you start encoding and decoding JSON using Perl, you need to install JSON module, which can be obtained from CPAN. How do I POST JSON data with Curl from a terminal/commandline to Test Spring REST? Hot Network Questions. Synchronous request This method gives you the ability to make a synchronous Number Lookup request over HTTP. For example: This is how the JSON output looks like:. We use the value of this field to determine the type of request required in order to process the request. JSON Parser Online converts JSON Strings to a friendly readable format. However if you are SSIS developer and using ZappySys REST API Task or JSON Source Connector or XML Source then this blog post will help you to translate cUrl command line syntax to similar options available in ZappySys REST API or JSON /XML. //#1: Make GET. cURL request formatting. (with GET it works fine. En el siguiente ejemplo realizaremos un solicitud POST y enviaremos los datos JSON a una URL con cURL en PHP. This is how my JSON array looks like: ["{custInfo=Ujwal 9975022560, rate=24000,. En este tutorial, te mostraré como enviar datos JSON mediante cURL y cómo recibir datos JSON en PHP. The next AJAX_Data with the 'Post to URL' request will be our actual API request. The PHP cURL is a library used for making HTTP requests. Response body. When you working with web services and APIs, sending JSON data via POST request is the most required functionality. List of SDKs: Python SDK. (default port is port 8123). Note how it's putting my array items as a comma-separated list on the first element on the. Here is a brief tutorial of PHP CURL Post Example to send JSON data. //obviously this adds just the json object //and not the array() map, hence the server. We return HTTP Response Codes to indicate the success or failure of an API request, along with further information in the body. I thought that was about my trial version speech to text api. It ships with a dizzying array of options and features, most of which you will not need on a daily basis. It supports CORS, can return data as JSON or JSONP and allows sorting. See your command line tool below for the cURL syntax to use when making requests to Oracle Eloqua's APIs. I want to be short as much as I can by stating the problem, possible solutions and cleanest solution that I am sharing with you here, so I will be descriptive and straight forward to the point as much as. conf file so I can enable/allow writing files to the webserver using the PUT command. We attached our JSON data using the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS option. 值得注意的是,json_encode() 在处理中文问题上,可以控制是否转为unicode格式,常量JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE这个控制。详情见http://php. * Line 1, Column 1 A valid JSON document must be > either an a Windows cURL JSON POST sysntax" Contemporary messages sorted:. While to_json does work correctly, the result itself is not JSON that can be parsed back, as that string element is not inside an object like a hash (i. If your API endpoint can only accept one at a single time, then you can write a bash script that traverses your json array and throws a curl command for each one of them. it is a good way to send data between websites. Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type. A PATCH request may accept one or more of the attributes to update the resource. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: